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** WHITE information - Unlimited distribution allowed ** ** see https://wiki.egi.eu/wiki/EGI_CSIRT:TLP for distribution restrictions ** Title: Critical Vulnerability detected in dCache Admin Web Interface Date: date 2011-03-30 Updated: 2011-04-08, 2011-04-19 URL: https://wiki.egi.eu/wiki/EGI_CSIRT:Alerts/dCache-2011-03-30 URL: https://wiki.egi.eu/wiki/SVG:Advisory-SVG-2011-1569 Introduction ============ A vulnerability has been found in the dCache Admin Web Interface software which is part of the dCache distribution. dCache is one of the Mass Storage Systems commonly used in EGI production environment [R1] Details ======= A specially constructed http request, sent to the dCache admin web interface, allows unauthenticated remote users to read arbitrary files on the host where the dCache server httpdDomain is running, with 'root' privileges. The access is read-only. Creating, modifying or executing files is not possible. The pnfs/Chimera-file system is not affected. Risk Category ============= This issue has been assessed as 'Critical' risk by the EGI CSIRT and EGI SVG Risk Assessment Team Affected Software ================= Components : dCache server Subcomponent : httpdDomain Service : dCache Admin Web Server Since : since ever Releases : all supported dCache server releases *prior* to: 1.9.5-25 1.9.10-7 1.9.11-4 Note that the version released/to be released in EMI is not affected. Information available at [R2] Component Installation information ================================== Currently software updates are available from the dcache web-site [R1] - instructions are available in [R 2]. Sites using 1.9.5 should update to 188.8.131.52 and above (e.g. those installed from gLite) 1.9.10 should update to 1.9.10-7 and above 1.9.11 should update to 1.9.11-4 and above EMI - Will include 1.9.5 -25 therefore a fixed version will be in EMI. Note, it is only necessary to upgrade the node running the httpdDomain. Updated 2011-04-07: Updated version is now available in gLite for gLite 3.2/ gLite 3.2: Release details may be found at http://glite.cern.ch/R3.2/sl5_x86_64/updates/27/ Mitigation ======= 1. Only allow access to the dCache admin web interface (Port 2288) to dedicated trusted hosts, using appropriate local firewall settings. 2. Run the httpdDomain as non-root where possible. 3. Run an apache webserver in front of the dCache admin interface with access control enabled, which will completely block unauthorized access to the dCache admin web server. Detailed information on how to implement 2. and 3. are available in [R2] Recommendations =============== In addition, on the hosts that have been running the admin interface exposed to the Internet it is recommended to change all passwords, keys, etc on that machine, and carefully check the logs for signs of intrusions like unexpected logins, etc. Requirements: ========= Update the affected dCache component or apply the mitigation steps stated above. Other information ================= As a basic security best practice, it is strongly recommended to restrict access to the admin web interface with a firewall also after the security upgrade. EGI-CSIRT will enforce 7-day deadline, failing to act the deadline might lead to site suspension. All affected resources must either update the affected dCache component or apply the mitigation actions stated above, by: ***2011-04-07 22:00 CEST (20:00 GMT)*** Updated 2011-04-07 Updated version of the software is now available from gLite. Sites should update their nodes supporting httpdDomain as soon as possible, if they have not done so already. Updating to the latest release is the only way to full resolve the vulnerabilities, sites can either upgrade (preferred) or take the mitigation measures now and upgrade later. Credits ====== This vulnerability was reported by Patrick Furhmann (dCache). References ========== [R1]http://www.dcache.org/ [R2]http://trac.dcache.org/projects/dcache/wiki/ProtectionOfUnsecuredWebAdminInterface Timeline ======== 2011-03-23 Vulnerability reported by Patrick Fuhrmann (dCache). 2011-03-25 Vulnerability Assessed as 'Critical' by the EGI SVG RAT and EGI- CSIRT. 2011-03-25 Assessment by the EGI Software Vulnerability Group reported to the software providers and packaging team. 2011-03-30 EGI-CSIRT advisory issued asking sites to either carry out mitigating action, or to upgrade from the dCache web page. 2011-04-07 Updated Version available in gLite. 2011-04-08 Sites informed by CSIRT of availability of updated version in gLite. 2011-04-19 Public disclosure by release of advisory on web.