SVG:Advisory-SVG-CVE-2020-14386

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Advisory-SVG-CVE-2020-14386


Title:       EGI SVG 'ADVISORY' [TLP:WHITE] **UPDATE** HIGH risk - privilege escalation vulnerability in recent kernels 
             (e.g. RHEL/CentOS 8) [EGI-SVG-CVE-2020-14386] 

Date:        2020-09-22
Updated:     2020-10-22

**URGENT**  Some sites have found that setting "user.max_net_namespaces = 0"  as recommended below with some of 
the latest kernels breaks some features.  We are looking into it and possibly revising the recommendations. 

Affected software and risk
==========================

HIGH risk vulnerability in recent kernels, used e.g. by RHEL 8 and derivatives

Package : Linux kernel used e.g. by RHEL 8 and derivatives 
CVE ID  : CVE-2020-14386
Bug ID  : RedHat Bugzilla 1875699

A memory corruption vulnerability described in CVE-2020-14386 [R 1], [R 2] has been found in some versions 
of the Linux kernel that may result in privilege escalation to gain root privileges from unprivileged processes. 
Specifically, this affects RedHat Enterprise Linux 8 and its derivatives including CentOS 8; RHEL 7 and 
CentOS 7 are not affected.


Actions required/recommended
============================

**UPDATE 2020-10-22** 

RedHat has fixed this issue - see [R 8], fixes are now available for RedHat and its derivatives. 

Sites are recommended to update relevant components.  This should be carried out urgently if they have not 
already carried out the mitigation described in this advisory on affected hosts, especially those providing 
shell or container access to unprivileged users.

Sites should be aware that if a public exploit is released which demonstrates a root exploit of this 
vulnerability this vulnerability is likely to be elevated to 'Critical' and sites will then be required 
to take action within 7 days or risk suspension.

In general, the EGI SVG recommends that sites enable user namespaces (an advisory was issued on this [R 3]),
 but for the matter at hand the mitigation is strongly recommended on affected services, until they have been 
rebooted with a fixed kernel.

Note RHEL/CentOS 8, recent Fedora versions, Debian, Ubuntu and OpenSUSE (LEAP 15.1 and newer) have user namespaces 
enabled by default. 


Component installation information
==================================

For information related to RedHat see [R 2]

For information related to Debian see [R 4] 

For information related to Ubuntu see [R 5]

Mitigation
==========

**UPDATE 2020-10-22**  A patched kernel is now available. This mitigation was the recommended action 
prior to the availability of a patched kernel. 

The Red Hat security announcement [R 2] recommends disabling the CAP_NET_RAW capability for regular 
users and executables as a mitigation.

Additionally, the OSG Security team and the EGI SVG recommend disabling network namespaces when 
unprivileged user namespaces are enabled [R 3]:

echo "user.max_net_namespaces = 0" \
    > /etc/sysctl.d/90-max_net_namespaces.conf
sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.d/90-max_net_namespaces.conf

Note that docker uses network namespaces, unless it is invoked with --net=host.

Unprivileged user namespaces are enabled by default on RHEL 8. If you are not using unprivileged user 
namespaces (for example for singularity), you can also mitigate this issue by disabling them:

echo "user.max_user_namespaces = 0" \
    > /etc/sysctl.d/90-max_user_namespaces.conf
sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.d/90-max_user_namespaces.conf



Affected software details
=========================

RHEL 8 and CentOS 8 are affected.

RHEL 6 and RHEL 7 and their derivatives are not affected.

For information on Debian related to this specific vulnerability see [R 4], and Ubuntu see [R 5]


More information
================

A memory corruption vulnerability [R 6] exists in code related to handling AF_PACKET sockets. 
An unprivileged user on systems where unprivileged user namespaces are enabled, such as EL8 systems, 
can acquire the CAP_NET_RAW capability to create AF_PACKET sockets and trigger this memory corruption, 
potentially leading to privilege escalation.

At present, only crashing of services has been demonstrated as a result of exploit of this vulnerability, 
but we are aware of on-going efforts to develop a root exploit of this vulnerability.  Previously memory 
corruption vulnerabilities where only an operational risk was initially demonstrated have later been 
associated with incidents.


TLP and URL
===========

** WHITE information - Unlimited distribution 
- see https://wiki.egi.eu/wiki/EGI_CSIRT:TLP for distribution restrictions***    

URL:   https://wiki.egi.eu/wiki/SVG:Advisory-SVG-CVE-2020-14386   

Minor updates may be made without re-distribution to the sites


Comments
========

Comments or questions should be sent to svg-rat  at  mailman.egi.eu

If you find or become aware of another vulnerability which is relevant to EGI you may report it by e-mail to  

report-vulnerability at egi.eu
 
the EGI Software Vulnerability Group will take a look according to the procedure defined in [R 7]  

Note that this is undergoing revision to fully handle vulnerabilities in the EOSC-hub era. 


References
==========

[R 1] https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-14386

[R 2] https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2020-14386

[R 3] https://wiki.egi.eu/wiki/SVG:Advisory-SVG-2020-16648

[R 4] https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2020-14386

[R 5] https://people.canonical.com/~ubuntu-security/cve/2020/CVE-2020-14386

[R 6] https://seclists.org/oss-sec/2020/q3/146 

[R 7] https://documents.egi.eu/public/ShowDocument?docid=3145

[R 8] https://access.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2020:4286

Credit
======

SVG was alerted to this vulnerability by Dave Dykstra 

Some of the information in this advisory is based on the corresponding OSG advisory for these vulnerabilities.

Timeline  
========
Yyyy-mm-dd  [EGI-SVG-CVE-2020-14386] 

2020-09-17 SVG alerted to this issue by Dave Dykstra
2020-09-18 Acknowledgement from the EGI SVG to the reporter
2020-09-18 Investigation of vulnerability and relevance to EGI carried out 
2020-09-21 EGI SVG Risk Assessment completed
2020-09-22 Advisory sent to sites recommending mitigating action
2020-10-22 Advisory updated as issue has been fixed and sites are recommended to update


Context
=======

This advisory has been prepared as part of the effort to fulfil EGI SVG's purpose 
"To minimize the risk to the EGI infrastructure arising from software vulnerabilities"

The risk is that assessed by the group, according to the EGI SVG issue handling procedure [R 7]  
in the context of how the software is used in the EGI infrastructure. It is the opinion of the group, 
we do not guarantee it to be correct. The risk may also be higher or lower in other deployments 
depending on how the software is used.   

-----------------------------
This advisory is subject to the Creative commons license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 
and the EGI https://www.egi.eu/ Software Vulnerability Group must be credited. 
-----------------------------

Note that the SVG issue handling procedure is currently under review, to take account of the increasing 
inhomogeneity of the EGI infrastructure and the services in the EOSC-hub catalogue.

On behalf of the EGI SVG,