GCG:Glossary Draft

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This list is a collection of terms defined in various glossaries to be used to build the EGI Glossary.If you are looking for the EGI Glossary, check this page

Status: Draft, Review and Approved

Term Abbr. Current Definition Proposed New Definition Notes Status From
European Grid Infrastructure EGI European Grid Infrastructure is a federation of resource providers set up to deliver sustainable, integrated and secure computing services to European researchers and their international partners.
Acceptable Use Policy AUP A policy describing the terms and conditions applicable to use of the Grid. Draft SPG
Accounting Data Centre ADC An entity that stores both local and non-local accounting data Draft SPG
Accounting record An individual entry in an accounting database relating to one Grid job Draft SPG
Anonymous web user A Web User who does not provide unique credentials to the Portal when invoking functionality Draft SPG
Application Community A community of users connected by a shared discipline or project Draft SPG
Classic CA A Certification Authority accredited by the IGTF according to the "Classic" Authentication Profile (URL) Draft SPG
Data Privacy The privacy aspects of any data relating to personal information Draft SPG
Distinguished Name DN The name of the subject to which a public key is bound in a certificate Draft SPG
Grid Any project or operational infrastructure which uses grid technologies and decides to adopt a policy to which this glossary pertains Draft SPG
Grid AUP The AUP applying to all Grid users, not to be confused with the VO AUP Draft SPG
Grid Deployment Team An entity responsible for Grid operations Draft SPG
Grid resource information system A service containing information about Grid resources Draft SPG
Grid Security Officer A named individual responsible for operational security of the Grid Draft SPG
Grid Security Operations The team providing the operational security capability for the Grid Draft SPG
Identified web user A Web User that provides authenticated personal identification to the Portal when invoking functionality, but whose credentials and way of authentication are not necessarily compatible or equivalent with Grid authentication. Draft SPG
Incident response The process of responding to a security incident Draft SPG
International Grid Trust Federation IGTF The organisation responsible for the coordination of the Grid trust fabric (URL). Draft SPG
MICS CA A Certification Authority accredited by the IGTF according to the Member Integrated Credential Services Authentication Profile (URL) Draft SPG
Multi User Pilot Job MUPJ A pilot job which pulls down workload belonging to a different user than the owner of the pilot job Draft SPG
Pilot Job A place-holder Grid job which pulls down the real workload at execution time Draft SPG
Portal A web site or web-based service that provides functionality to Web Users via web-specific applications Draft SPG
Pseudonymous web user A verifiably-human Web User that provides authenticated non-identifying information to the Portal when invoking functionality. Draft SPG
Registrar An individual responsible for collecting and maintaining information about a person registering as a Grid user Draft SPG

The equipment and software required to run a service on the Grid, and any data held on the service  - SPG 

Draft SPG
Resource Administrator The person responsible for installing, operating, maintaining and supporting one or more resource(s) at a site Draft SPG
Robot A software agent that performs automatic functions Draft SPG
Security Incident The actual or suspected violation of an explicit or implied security policy Draft SPG
Service Any computing or software system, based on grid technologies, which provides access to, information about or controls resources Draft SPG
Site An entity having administrative control of resources provided to the Grid. This may be at one physical location or spread across multiple physical locations Draft SPG
Site Manager An individual responsible for Grid operations at a Site Draft SPG
SLCS CA A Certification Authority accredited by the IGTF according to the Short Lived Credential Services Authentication Profile (URL) Draft SPG
Strongly identified web user A Grid User that provides authenticated identification to the Portal when invoking functionality, that allows the portal to authenticate to the Grid Resources with valid Grid credentials specific to the Grid User. Draft SPG
User An individual who has been given authority to access and use Grid resources Draft SPG
Virtual Organisation A grouping of users and optionally resources, often not bound to a single institution, who, by reason of their common membership and in sharing a common goal, are given authority to use a set of resources Draft SPG
VO AUP The policy document describing the goals of the VO thereby defining the expected and acceptable use of the Grid by the users of the VO Draft SPG
VO Manager An individual responsible for the membership registry of the VO including its accuracy and integrity. Draft SPG
VO Membership Service The operational interface to the VO membership registry Draft SPG
VO Resource Manager A named individual within a VO with authority to inspect resource usage at the individual VO user level Draft SPG
Web user A human individual that accesses Grid resources through a Portal Draft SPG
(UMD) Capability A Capability is scoped around well known and well-defined activities that are sufficiently disparate, independent, and fulfill a discrete task in a higher-level orchestrated sequence of actions taken by the user (manually or automated) in order to reach the aspired goal. Capabilities may depend on the presence of another Capability. Appliances, however, SHOULD NOT depend on each other to avoid technical dependencies and vendor lock-in - TCB

A Capability is an activity needed by either the end-user (functional capability) or operations community (non-functional capability) that is defined and delivered by one or more Interfaces that may be supported by one or more technology providers [D5.1]. Capabilities can be functional and non-functional (security – including user management, authentication and authorization, and operations – including messaging, accounting, monitoring)- OMB

Draft TCB and OMB
Appliance An Appliance is the technical implementation of a Capability. An Appliance may be delivered in a single, monolithic Package, or it may be delivered as a set of components that are grouped into a set of Packages. In the latter case all packages must be installed to provide the complete Appliance. Draft TCB
Package A Package is a structured software unit suitable for automated installation on a computer. A Package may specify dependencies on other packages, so that either a specific version of that package, or a minimum version of that package may satisfy that dependency. Draft TCB
Product A Product is a solution delivered by Technology Providers to EGI and provides the functionality for one, sometimes more Capabilities as one single, undividable unit. Consequently, a Product may comprise of one or more Appliances. Draft TCB
Primary Package A Product consists of a well-defined set of specific packages, each in a specific version. Different versions (whether major, minor, or revision) of the same Product may share a subset of packages of the same version, that do not change between the compared versions. Draft TCB
Secondary Package A Secondary Package is a Package that is resolved from dependency declarations within a Package, that sources either from the Technology Provider's own Repository, or from any additional repository except OS distribution repositories. (Note: EPEL is an example of such a repository that is not an OS repository.) Draft TCB
Resource Centre ( Site) RC The Resource Centre – also known as Site – is the smallest

resource administration domain in EGI. It can be either localised or geographically distributed. It provides local resources and the functional capabilities [UMD] necessary to make those resources securely accessible to end-users. Access is granted by exposing common interfaces to users. <o:p></o:p>

Term is part of the Operations Architecture. Draft OMB
Certified Resource Centre A Certified Resource Centre is a Resource Centre that conforms to the requirements specified in the Resource Centre Registration and Certification Procedure. Draft PDT and OMB
Resource Centre Operations Manager The Resource Centre Operations Manager leads the Resource Centre operations, and is the official technical contact person in the connected organisation. He/she is locally supported by a team of Resource Centre administrators. The Resource Centre Operations Manager is responsible for the enforcement of the Resource Centre OLA, the EGI policies and procedures by the Resource Centre. <o:p></o:p> Term is part of the Operations Architecture. Draft OMB
Resource Infrastructure TBD A Resource Infrastructure is a federation of Resource Centres. Term is part of the Operations Architecture. Draft OMB
Resource Administration Domain TBD Resource Administration Domain is Draft
Resource Infrastructure Provider RIP Resource Infrastructure Provider is the legal organisation responsible for any matter that concerns the respective Resource Infrastructure. It provides, manages

and operates (directly or indirectly) all the operational services required to an agreed level of quality as required by the Resource Centres and the user community. It holds the responsibility of integrating these operational services into EGI in order to enable uniform resource access and sharing for the benefit of their end-users. The Resource Infrastructure Provider liaises locally with the Resource Centre Operations Managers, and represents the Resource Centres at an international level. Examples of a Resource Infrastructure Provider are the European Intergovernmental Research Institutes (EIRO) and the National Grid Initiatives (NGIs).

Term is part of the Operations Architecture. Draft OMB
Operations Centre TBD The Operations Centre offers operations services on behalf of the Resource Infrastructure Provider. The operations services are delivered locally in collaboration with the relevant Resource Centres at a local level, and globally with EGI.eu. Term is part of the Operations Architecture. Draft OMB
Resource Infrastructure Operations Manager TBD The Resource Infrastructure Operations Manager is the

contact point for all operational matters and represents the Resource Infrastructure Provider within the OMB. He/She is appointed by the Resource Infrastructure Provider.

Term is part of the Operations Architecture. Draft OMB
Unified Middleware Distribution UMD The Unified Middleware Distribution (UMD) is the integrated set of software components that EGI makes available from technology providers within the EGI Community. These components are distributed to provide an integrated offering for deployment on EGI. Draft OMB
UMD-compliant Middleware UMD-compliant Middleware is the software that provides one of more UMD capabilities, and successfully interoperates with UMD by complying with the UMD supported interfaces specified in the UMD Roadmap [UMD]. It is mandatory that UMD-compliant software supports the Monitoring and Accounting Capabilities. Draft OMB
Resource Centre Administrator TBD Draft
National Grid Infrastructure NGI National Grid Infrastructures are legal organizations that (a) have a mandate to represent their national Grid community in all matters falling within the scope of EGI.eu, and (b) are the only organization having the mandate described in (a) for its country and thus provide a single contact point at the national level. Draft
European Intergovernmental Research Organisation EIRO European Intergovernmental scientific Research Organisation that have extensive expertise in the areas of basic research and the management of large, international infrastructures, facilities and research programmes. Draft
Product on a specific Platfrom and Architecture PPA A PPA describes a specific Product on a specific Platfrom and Architecture. The representation is an XML document defining the Product, Platform and Architechture pertinent to the PPA, as well as either a Metapackage or a complete list of packages that comprise this PPA. Draft EGI-InSPIRE SA2
Metapackage PPA A technical document in binary form following the rules of the target software packaging framework (such as RPM or APT packages) that does not install any software by itself, but exists for the sole purpose of defining the set of packages that the respective PPA consists of. Draft EGI-InSPIRE SA2
Policy Clear, formal and mandatory statement and position of general nature adopted by the EGI.eu governance bodies for issues relevant to the EGI community. Draft PDT
Procedure Step by step written and approved specification of how to complete a specific task or process. Draft PDT
Grid Operations Draft
Virtual Organisation VO A Virtual Organisation (VO) is a grouping of users and (optionally) resources, often not bound to a single institution, which, by reason of their common membership and in sharing a common goal, are given authority to use a set of resources  - OMB 

VO is a group of people (e.g. scientists, application developers) with common interests and requirements, which need to work collaboratively with other members of their collaboration and/or share resources (e.g. data, software, expertise, CPU, storage space) regardless of geographical location. They join a VO in order to gain access to resources with a set of rules and policies that govern the access and security rights for the users, resources and data in question - PDT

Draft OMB and PDT
Virtual Research Community VRC A VRC is a group of large-scale scientific research collaborations, either covering multiple VOs or simply belong are part of a larger domain area. The VRC model allows a community to have bi-directional interactions through defined points of contact with EGI across broader domain areas. Draft PDT
Memorandum of Understanding MoU A written agreement that clarifies the relationships, responsibilities and communication channels between two or more parties that may share services, clients, and resources. Draft
Operational Level Agreement OLA An Agreement between an IT Service Provider and another part of the same Organization. An OLA supports the IT Service Provider’s delivery of IT Services to Customers. The OLA defines the goods or Services to be provided and the responsibilities of both parties Draft ITIL