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Main Roadmap and Innovation Technology For Users For Resource Providers Media

Workbenches: Open issues
Scenario 1
VM Management
Scenario 2
Data Management
Scenario 3
Information Systems
Scenario 4
Scenario 5
Scenario 6
Scenario 7
Federated AAI
Scenario 8
VM Image Management
Scenario 9
Scenario 10
Scenario 11

Scenario 4: Accounting across Resource Providers

Leader: Alison Packer and John Gordon, STFC

Scenario collaborators

Role Institution Name
Scenario leader STFC Alison Packer
Collaborator OeRC Matteo Turilli


To account for resource usage (CPU, RAM, I/O, data, etc.) across multiple resource providers we need to define:

1. the elements to be accounted for and how accounting data may be gathered. (This relates to the statement “Resource providers agree and follow the same rules for accounting the resource usage”.)

2. how accounting data will be published

3. what is required from this data (for VM users, Resource Providers, VO Managers etc.)

Draft Usage Record

To help define what we will account for the existing Compute Accounting Usage Record could be extended. The following are a set of assumptions I have made related to this draft Usage Record:

1. For each instantiated VM there is one record, this has implications for charging as there is one ‘Charge’ attribute per record it does not fit with a charging model where each of the elements of CPU, Memory, I/O etc. are charged for separately.

2. The fields for GlobalUserName, VirtualOrganization, Projectname and Group relate to an existing method of authorizing grid users, if this authorization mechanism were to be used for cloud usage as well then these would provide a method of associating VM usage with a user and then querying usage in a portal could be based on user, VO etc.

3. A VM might be in one of three states: started, stopped and suspended. I think we would expect to gather many VM records whilst a VM is running, so I propose using the existing UR “Status” property for this – it may be possible to extend the implementation of this property to include some VM-specific statuses if these existing ones are not deemed appropriate.

4. We need a method of identifying where a specific running VM is – there are many ways to do this, I suggest that the RecordIdentity might contain a concatenation of some of the other fields in the record – e.g. TimeStamp SiteName MachineName ImageID - other suggestions welcome.

5. We have job accounting and storage accounting systems and their related usage records already - we therefore account for jobs and storage using these existing records/methods.

The following table shows what might be used and some additional elements required for cloud accounting:

Current UR Property Current Definition Extended for Cloud Accounting
RecordIdentity Unique identifier of a record (String) (keep the same)
GlobalUserName Global identity of user (certificate DN) (String) (keep the same)
VirtualOrganization All three may be retrieved from FQAN - use if VOs part of authorization mechanism (keep the same)
Charge Total charge of job (Float)
Status Completion status (String), aborted, completed, failed, held, queued, started, suspended. For VM instance - completed, started and suspended could be used
WallDuration WallClock time Is this EndTime in the case of VM?
CPUDuration CPU time consumed (Duration) (keep the same)
EndTime Completion time (Timestamp) Set to NULL until Status = completed
StartTime Start time of the job (Timestamp) Must be set if Status = started
MachineName Hostname of the LRMS (String) VM Hostname
Network Amount of network resource used by the job (+ integer) Network resource used by the VM
Memory Amount of physical memory used by the job (+ integer) Memory associated with the VM
TimeDuration Additional measure of time duration (Duration) This could be used for suspended VM to record suspended-endtime
SiteName GOCDB SiteName Extend service types in GOCDB to include cloud types
Proposed New Property Definition
ImageID Every image has a unique ID associated with it
CloudType Cloud type
StorageRecordIdentity Link to associated storage record