Acronyms

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Glossary of Terms List of Acronyms : A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z


A

  • AA - Application Area
  • AAI - Authentication and Authorization Infrastructure
  • ACF - ATLAS Computing Facility
  • ACID - Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability
  • ACL - Access Control List
  • ADD - Architecture Design Document
  • AFS - Andrew File System
  • AG - Access Grid
  • AGSC - Access Grid Support Centre
  • AHE - Applications Hosting Environment
  • AII - Automated Installation Infrastructure
  • AJO - Abstract Job Object
  • AKT - Advanced Knowledge Technologies
  • ALFA - América Latina - Formación Académica
  • ALICE - A Large Ion Collider Experiment
  • ALiEn - ALICE Environment
  • AMGA - ARDA Metadata Catalogue Project
  • AMI (1) - Amazon Machine Images
  • AMI (2) - Atlas Metadata Interface
  • AMS - Advanced Multi-threaded Server
  • ANL - Argonne National Laboratory
  • AOD - Analysis Object Data
  • APAC - Australian Partnership for Advanced Computing
  • API - Application Programming Interface
  • APEL - Accounting Processor for Event Logs
  • APGrid - Asia Pacific Grid
  • APROC - Asia Pacific Regional Operation Center
  • APT - Advanced Package Tool
  • APART - Automatic Performance Analysis: Resources and Tools
  • ARC (1) - Advanced Resource Connector
  • ARC (2) - Authenticated Remote Control
  • ARDA - A Realisation of Distributed Analysis for LHC
  • AS - Autonomous System
  • ASN.1 - Abstract Syntax Notation One
  • ASP - Application Service Provider
  • ASTA - Advanced Support for TeraGrid Applications
  • ATF - Architecture Task Force
  • ATLAS - A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS
  • ATP - Aggregated Topology Provider
  • AUP - Acceptable Use Policy
  • AVO - Astrophysical Virtual Observatory

B

list for B


C

list for B


D

list for B


E

list for B


F

list for B


G

list for B


H

list for B


I

  • IaaS - Infrastructure-as-a-Service
  • IAB - Internet Architecture Board
  • ICE - Interface to CREAM Environment
  • ICEAGE - International Collaboration to Extend and Advance Grid Education
  • ICS - Image Creation Station
  • IDB - Incarnation Database
  • IDE - Integrated Development Environment
  • IDL - Interface Description Language
  • IdP - Identity Provider
  • IDS - Intrusion Detection System
  • IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
  • IEPM-BW - Internet End-to-end Performance Monitoring - Bandwidth to the World
  • IETF - Internet Engineering Task Force
  • IGE - Initiative for Globus in Europe
  • IGTF - International Grid Trust Federation
  • IN2P3 - Institut National de Physique Nucleaire et de Physique des Particules
  • INCITS - International Committee for Information Technology Standards
  • INFN - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
  • INFOD - Information Dissemination
  • IP - Internet Protocol
  • IPG (1) - Infrastructure Policy Group
  • IPG (2) - Information Power Grid
  • IPSec - IP Security
  • IRC - Interdisciplinary Research Collaboration
  • IRTF
  • iSGTW - International Science Grid This Week
  • ISO
  • ISSeG - Integrated Site Security for Grids
  • IST - Information Society Technologies
  • ISV - Independent Software Vendor
  • ITU-T - International Telecommunication Union - Telecommunication Standardization Sector
  • IVDGL - International Virtual Data Grid Laboratory

J

JANET

   Joint Academic Network

JCSR

   JISC Committee for the Support of Research

JDBC

   Java DataBase Connectivity

JDK

   Java Development Kit

JDL

   Job Description Language

JEE

   Java Enterprise Edition

JISC

   Joint Information Systems Committee

JMS

   Java Message Service

JRA

   Joint Research Activity

JRS

   JANET Roaming Service

JSDL

   Job Submission Description Language

JSPG

   Joint Security Policy Group

JSON

   JavaScript Object Notation

JVM

   Java Virtual Machine

JeOS

   Just Enough Operating System

K

  • KCA - Kerberized Certificate Authority

L

LaaS

   Landscape as a Service

LAMP

   Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP

LAN

   Local Area Network

LB

   Logging and Bookkeeping Service

LCAS

   Local Centre Authorisation Service

LCG

   LHC Computing Grid

LCMAPS

   Local Credential Mapping Service

LDAP

   Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

LDIF

   LDAP Data Interchange Format

LEAD

   Linked Environments for Atmospheric Discovery

LEAF

   LHC-Era Automated Fabric

LEMON

   LHC Era Monitoring

LFC

   LCG File Catalog

LFN

   Logical File Name

LHC

   Large Hadron Collider

LHCb

   Large Hadron Collider beauty

LHCf

   Large Hadron Collider forward

LIGO

   Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory

LRMS

   Local Resource Management System

LSF

   Load Sharing Facility

LSGC

   Life Sciences Grid Community

LUFS

   Linux Userland FileSystem

LUN

   Logical Unit Number

M

MAC (1)

   Media Access Control

MAC (2)

   Message Authentication Code

MAN

   Metropolitan Area Network

MBR

   Master Boot Record

MD5

   Message Digest 5

MDS

   Monitoring and Discovery System

MIAS

   Medical Image and Signal

MIME

   Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

MINOS

   Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search

MMX

   Multi Media Extension

MonALISA

   Monitoring Agents using a Large Integrated Services Architecture

MONARC

   Models Of Networked Analysis at Regional Centres

MoU

   Memorandum of Understanding
   An agreement that clarifies the relationships, responsibilities and communication channels between two or more parties that may share Services, clients, and Resources. The MoU is used when both parties do not want to pursue a Contract that is legally binding (generally). Formal contracts can be intimidating therefore MoUs are the better option for some communities. However, it can also be used to regulate the relationship between parties.

MPI

   Message Passing Interface

MPLS

   Multi-Protocol-Label Switching

MVC

   Model-View-Control

TOP

N

list for B


O

list for B


P

list for B


Q

  • QCG - QosCosGrid (Quasi-opportunistic supercomputing for complex systems in Grid Environments)
  • QCOW - QEMU Copy-On-Write

R

  • RA - Registration Authority
  • RACF - The RHIC and ATLAS Computing Facility
  • RADIUS - Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service
  • RAID - Redundant Array of Independent Disks
  • RAT - Risk Assessment Team
  • RB - Resource Broker
  • RC - Resource Centre
  • RDBMS - Relation Database Management System
  • RDIG - Russian Data Intensive Grid
  • RFIO - Remote File I/O
  • RFT - Reliable File Transfer
  • R-GMA - Relational Grid Monitoring Architecture
  • RHIC - Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider
  • RI - Resource Infrastructure
  • RLI - Replica Location Index
  • RLS - Replica Location Service
  • RMOST - Result Monitoring and Online Steering Tool
  • RMS - Resource Management System
  • ROC - Regional Operations Centre
  • ROD - Regional Operator on Duty
  • RP - Resource infrastructure Provider
  • RPC - Remote Procedure Call
  • RPM - RPM Package Manager
  • RRD - Round-robin database
  • RSH - Remote shell
  • RSL - Resource Specification Language
  • RT - Request Tracker
  • RTM - Real Time Monitor
  • RUQI - Resource Usage Querying Interface
  • RUS - Resource Usage Service

S

  • SaaS - Software-as-a-Service
  • SAM - Service Availability Monitoring
  • SAML - Security Assertion Markup Language
  • SAN - Storage Area Network
  • SASL - Simple Authentication and Security Layer
  • SC - Supercomputing
  • SCAS - Site Central Authorization Service
  • SCG - Security Coordination Group
  • SCiDAC - Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing
  • SCRAM - Software Configuration, Release And Management
  • SDG - Security Drill Group
  • SDK - Software Development Kit
  • SDO - Standard Organisation Body
  • SDSC - San Diego Supercomputer Center
  • SE - Storage Element
  • SEE-GRID - South Eastern European Grid-enabled eInfrastructure Development
  • SEQUIN - Service Quality across Independently managed Networks
  • SFN - Storage File Name
  • SFT - Site Functional Tests
  • SGAS - SweGrid Accounting System
  • SGE - Sun Grid Engine
  • SGM - Software Group Manager
  • SGTW - Science Grid This Week
  • SIENA - Standards and Interoperability for eInfrastructure
  • SIMD - Single instruction, multiple data
  • SL - Scientific Linux
  • SLA - Service Level Agreement
  • SLAPD - Stand-alone LDAP Daemon
  • SLES - SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
  • SLED - SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop
  • SLM - Service Level Management
  • SLOC - Source Lines Of Code
  • SLP - Service Location Protocol
  • SLT - Service Level Target
  • SMG - Security Monitoring Group
  • SMP - Symmetric Multi-Processing
  • SNAP - Service Negotiation and Acquisition Protocol
  • SNMP - Simple Network Mangement Protocol
  • SNO - Sudbury Neutrino Observatory
  • SOA - Service Oriented Architecture
  • SOAP - Simple Object Access Protocol
  • SoD - Support on Duty
  • SOKU - Service Oriented Knowledge Utilities
  • SPG - Security Policy Group
  • SPL - Simplified Policy Language
  • SQL - Structured Query Language
  • SQMS - Simple Queuing Management System
  • SR - Standing Reservation
  • SRB - Storage Resource Broker
  • SRM - Storage Resource Manager
  • SRP - Secure Remote Passsword Protocol
  • SSE - Streaming SIMD Extensions
  • SSG - Security Software Group
  • SSH - Secure Shell
  • SSI - Software Sustainability Institute
  • SSL - Secure Socket Layer
  • STDG - Security Training and Dissemination Group
  • STREP - Specific Targeted Research Project
  • SUPER - Study of User Priorities for e-Infrastructure for Research
  • SURL - Storage URL
  • SVE - Supercomputing, Visualization and e-Science
  • SVG - Software Vulnerabity Group
  • SWAT - Site Wide Area Testing

T

  • TAB - Technical Advisory Board
  • TACAR - TERENA Academic CA Repository
  • TACC - Texas Advanced Computing Center
  • TAG - Transatlantic Grid
  • TCB - Technical Coordination Board
  • TCG - Trusted Computing Group
  • TCO - Total Cost of Ownership
  • TCP - Transmission Control Protocol
  • TCPA - Trusted Computing Platform Alliance
  • TD - Target Date
  • TDR - Technical Design Report
  • TERENA - Trans-European Research and Education Networking Association
  • TFTP - Trivial File Transfer Protocol
  • TFN - Transport File Name
  • TLP - Traffic Light Protocol
  • TLS - Transport Layer Security
  • TMDB - Transfer Management Database
  • ToR - Terms of Reference
  • TORQUE - Terascale Open-Source Resource and Queue Manager
  • TP - Techology Provider
  • TPM - Ticket Process Manager
  • TSI - Target System Interface
  • TURL - Transport URL
  • TVN - Thames Valley Network
  • TWG - Training Working Group

U

  • UC/ANL - University of Chicago/Argonne National Laboratory
  • UCAID - University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development
  • UCB - User Community Board
  • UCS - Universal Character Set
  • UCST - User Community Support Team
  • UDDI - Universal Description, Discovery and Integration
  • UDP - User Datagram Protocol
  • UGP - The UCLA Grid Portal Software
  • UI - User Interface
  • UID - User Identifier
  • UKERNA - United Kingdom Education and Research Networking Association
  • UKHEC - UK High End Computing
  • UKI - UK and Ireland region
  • UKQCD - UK Quantum ChromoDynamics Collaboration
  • ULM - Universal Logger Message
  • UMD - Unified Middleware Distribution
  • UML - Unified Modeling Language
  • UNICORE - Uniform Interface to Computing Resources
  • UR - Usage Record
  • URD - User Requirements Document
  • URI - Uniform Resource Identifier
  • URL - Uniform Resource Locator
  • USAG - User Services Advisory Group
  • UTF-8 - UCS Transformation Format-8
  • UUDB - UNICORE User Database

V

  • VA - Virtual Appliance
  • VAG - Virtual Access Grid
  • vBNS - very high-speed Backbone Network Service
  • VDL - Virtual Data Language
  • VDS - Virtual Data System
  • VDT - Virtual Data Toolkit
  • VHD - Virtual Hard Disk
  • VIF - Virtual Interface
  • VLAN - Virtual Local Area Network
  • VM - Virtual Machine
  • VMDK - Virtual Machine Disk Format
  • VMM - Virtual Machine Monitor
  • VNC - Virtual Network Computing
  • VWS - Virtual Workspace Service
  • VO - Virtual Organisation
  • VLDB - Very Large Databases
  • VOCE - Virtual Organization Central Europe
  • VOMS - Virtual Organization Membership Service
  • VOMRS - Virtual Organization Management Registration Service
  • VPC - Virtual Private Cloud
  • VRC - Virtual Research Community
  • VPN - Virtual Private Network

W

  • W3C - The World Wide Web Consortium
  • WAN - Wide Area Network
  • WAR - Web Service Archive
  • WEEP - Workflow Enactment Engine Project
  • WfMC - Workflow Management Coalition
  • WfMS - Workflow Management System
  • WLCG - Worldwide LHC Computing Grid
  • WMS - Workload Management System
  • WN - Worker node
  • WG - Working Group
  • WP - Work Package
  • WrfD - Workflow-relevant data
  • WS (1) - Web Service
  • WS (2) - Working Storage
  • WSDL - Web Service Description Language
  • WSDM - Web Services Distributed Management
  • WS-GRAM - Web Service-Grid Resource Access and Management
  • WS-I - Web Service Interoperability
  • WSFL - Web Services Flow Language
  • WSIF - Web Service Invocation Framework
  • WSIL - Web Service Inspection Language
  • WSRF - Web Service Resource Framework

X

  • XACML - eXtensible Access Control Markup Language
  • XDR - External Data Representation
  • XGE - Xen Grid Engine
  • XIO - eXtensible Input/Output
  • XLL - XML Linking Language
  • XML - Extensible Markup Language
  • XPDL - XML Process Definition Language
  • XSD - XML Schema Definition
  • XSL - Extensible Style Language
  • XSLT - XSL Transformations

Y

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Z

list for B